Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Treatment
- Oral analgesics medication
- Avoid strenuous activities until the pain subsides
- Physiotherapy to reduce local inflammation
If your condition has not improved after 6 weeks, our specialist may look for other causes of knee pain.
If your injury fails to respond to non-surgical treatment (this is rare), and a physical cause can be identified, our doctor may recommend surgery to smooth out the inside of the patella or reduced lateral pull.
About Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
This common knee condition occurs when the movement of the patella (kneecap) over the femur (thigh bone) causes pain at the front of the knee. It is nor associated with specific signs of damage to the joint.
Causes of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
This condition can be caused by muscle weakness or imbalance, tight tendons, or abnormal movement of the kneecap over the thigh bone. Patellofemoral pain syndrome can also be caused and aggravated by repetitive movements of the knee.
Symptoms & Diagnosis of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
You will feel a general ache or pain at the front of your knee, behind or around your kneecap. The pain may be triggered when you place pressure on your knee, when walking up or down stairs. Squats and weight-bearing movements that involve bending your knee may also cause you pain. You may have swelling around your kneecap and a grating sensation (known as crepitus) within the knee joint. Symptoms can be difficult to pinpoint, so our specialist may need to perform a variety of tests to make a diagnosis and exclude any other possible causes.
Risks & Complications of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
If this condition is left untreated, your patellar tendon and the cartilage underneath your kneecap may become inflamed. This inflammation can get progressively worse, leading to permanent damage in the joint. It is important to rest your knee and follow any physiotherapy program that is recommended, or it may take longer for the condition to improve. This syndrome can also lead to patellofemoral cartilage damage.