Tag: Lower Leg

Lower Limb

Tibia Stress Fracture

Brief Outline of Tibia Stress Fracture Repetitive impact activities, such as running and jumping, can cause small cracks in the bone called stress fractures. These most often occur in the weight bearing bone, the tibia, of the lower leg. Athletes with lower bone density, due to dietary issues or genetic predisposition, are more susceptible, as are […]

Lower Limb

Medial Tibial Pain Syndrome (Shin Splints)

Brief Outline of Medial Tibial Pain Syndrome – Shin Splints Shin splints are a common complaint of runners and other athletes who have just taken up running. Shin splints are actually a term used to cover all pain in the anterior shin area. There are several possible causes. Medial tibial pain syndrome, the most common cause […]

Lower Limb

Calf Strain

Brief Outline of Calf Strain Failing to warm-up properly can lead to muscle strains. The calf muscles are used when taking off during a sprint, when jumping, changing directions, or when coming out of the bottom of a deep squat. These are usually explosive movements requiring forceful contractions of the calf muslces, which can lead […]

Lower Limb

Quadriceps Tendinitis

Brief Outline of Quadriceps Tendinitis Quadriceps tendinitis, like other versions of tendinitis, involves inflammation of the tendon. This can be a result of repetitive stresses to the quadriceps, or excessive stress before the muscle is conditioned. Pain just above the patella (knee cap), especially when extending the knee, usually accompanies this injury. Anatomy and physiology […]

Lower Limb

Thigh Bruise (Contusion)

Brief Outline of Thigh Bruise or Contusion A thigh contusion is actually a deep bruise to the muscles of the quadriceps or hamstrings near the femur. The bruising causes pain and limited flexibility in the muscle. High impact sports such as football or hockey are commonly associated with thigh bruising, but any activity that could […]