What is the cause of a broken toe?

You may break your toe if something drop on it or you accidentally bend it. A hairline crack (stress fracture) may happen to your toe if there is a sudden increase in sports activity such as walking or running.

What are the symptoms of a broken toe?

  • A snap or pop sound heard at the time of the injury.
  • Intense pain felt when the toe is moved or touched.
  • Swelling and bruising to the toe.
  • Deformity in the toe. E.g. toe pointing in the wrong direction or twisted out of the normal position. A dislocated toe can also look deformed.
  • Any movement to the toe can cause extreme pain.

How is a broken toe diagnosed?

An X-ray is usually recommended to detect whether the toe is broken or dislocated, and if it’s broken, the severity of the crack can be seen in the X-ray.

How is a broken toe treated?

Treatment to a broken toe depends on the severity of the break, the position of the break and which toe. Usually buddy splint is recommended, that is buddy-taped to your uninjured toe next to it. Your injured toe may need to buddy-taped for 2 to 4 weeks for the bone to heal.

In not so common cases, treatments include:

  • Using splints to stabilise the toe.
  • Surgery, if the break is severe.

If you leave the toe untreated, the fracture may cause chronic pain, limited movement and deformity.

Call +65 6471 2674 to see our orthopaedic specialist to check your broken toe today.

Broken Collarbone

What is the collarbone?

The collarbone (clavicle) is one of the bones of the shoulder joint. It holds the shoulder, the shoulder blade and the sternum. The collarbone also protects the nerves and the blood vessels from the neck to the shoulder.

Broken Collarbone

What causes a broken collarbone?

A broken collarbone is cause by a direct impact injury to the collarbone or to the shoulder. People involve in sports such as football, wrestling or ice hockey are at more risk of getting broken collarbone.

The collarbone is a common bone that gets broken. Young person age between 13 to 20 break it most often. Young children have a high chance of getting a broken bone during play.

What are the symptoms of a broken collarbone?

Symptoms of a broken collarbone are:

  • Pain felt immediately after the fall or the collarbone was hit.
  • Unable to raise the arm of the injured site.
  • Grinding feeling felt when trying to raise the injured arm.

You will see deformity in some cases. If you see a deformity, you will probably seeing a bump or swell along the collarbone, the shape of the collarbone is different compare to the uninjured collarbone. The bone may push the skin out, causing a tent-shaped look.

How is a broken collarbone diagnosed?

A broken collarbone is usually detected by an X-ray. The X-ray can tell the severity of the break.

Fracture Clavicle

Your doctor will be looking:

  • For deformity at your collarbone.
  • How well is the range of motion of your shoulder.
  • The strength of your shoulder

How is Broken Collarbone Treated?

Surgery is recommended for patients with severe break to the collarbone or they prefer a faster healing process. If the bone is displaced, surgery is a more suitable option to fix the fracture. Many young and active people prefer surgery.

After surgery, you will use a sling for up to a week. Your doctor will teach you light exercises to move your shoulder. Usually you can resume sports after a month.

Call +65 6471 2674 (24 hr) for an appointment to see our orthopaedic specialist for treatment to your collarbone fracture today.


Singapore has the highest number of osteoporotic fractures in Asia yet many Singaporean postmenopausal women are leaving it to after they have had their first fracture before taking preventive action!

Dr. Kevin Yip, Orthopaedic Consultant from Gleneagles Hospital, is encouraging postmenopausal women to see the OSTA guide below and decide whether they need to undergo bone mineral density (BMD) screening.


The OSTA test will determine if a postmenopausal woman is at high, moderate or low risk of having a low bone density. Although Osteoporosis affects men as well, osteoporosis is more prevalent in postmenopausal women as they lose up to 20% of their bone mass in the five to seven years after menopause.

Studies show that one in every five patients usually dies within the first year after a hip fracture. Of those who survive, more than half will lose their ability to walk and will end up bedridden or wheelchair-bound.

According to Prof. Lau Tang Ching, President of The Osteoporosis Society of Singapore, “For osteoporotic patients, where the bone density has begun degenerating, medication is necessary as Osteoposis is a progressive one. In a normal situation, drinking your milk and eating your cheese and sunning yourself for vitamin D will be good measures to build bone health but will not be sufficient when you are identified with osteoporosis. When faced with this, you need to medicate under doctor’s supervision.”

In the last three decades since 1960s, the number of osteoporotic hip fractures in Singapore rose five-fold per 100k population in women over the age of 50.

We are offering a special price on a Bone Mineral Density scan which is used to determine your risk of getting osteoporosis. The usual price is more than $280 but we have available a limited number of sponsored scans whereby you need only pay $168 for a spine and hip scan including a specialist’s consultation with the doctor for explanation of your result of the scan.

Currently, this is offered to our patients who are above 45 years old. If you are interested, please make an appointment with us. The vouchers will be issued on a first-come first-served basis as there are limited quantities.

Call (+65) 6471 2674 or (+65) 9735 8396 if you are interested. You may also email ps@orthopaedicsurgeon.com.sg.