What is scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person’s spine is curved from side to side, shaped like an “s” or “c”, and the spine may also be rotated.
How is scoliosis diagnosed?
A rib “hump” or a prominent shoulder blade caused by rotation of the ribcage in thoracic scoliosis can be detected on physical examination. It is more prominent when the patient is bent forward. A special X-ray film called a scoliosis film will confirm the diagnosis.
Causes of scoliosis
There is no definite cause but most are due to developmental problems.
Prevention of scoliosis
Regular exercise and a good diet. Scoliosis is more likely to occur to low body weight patients.
There is no way to prevent idiopathic scoliosis. Early detection and treatment, if necessary, helps to prevent it getting worse.
If you have a history of scoliosis in your family, children can be checked regularly for scoliosis from the age of nine throughout their teens.
Treatments for scoliosis
Treatments include monitoring with regular medical check up to look for worsening of the curvature, bracing to help moderate cases and surgery may be necessary for the severe cases.