Shoulder Pain and Injuries
Shoulder pain can be cause by sore muscles, shoulder injury or ageing.
Each time you move your shoulder, the shoulder joints are move. The shoulder has the greatest range of movement compare with the other joints. This large range of movement may lead to joint problem. The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is the most common area to get injured for people who does frequent weight lifting or overhead movements.
Our shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint with three main bones:
- Upper arm bone (humerus)
- Collarbone (clavicle)
- Shoulder blade (scapula)
These three bones are held together by muscles, tendons and ligaments.
Shoulder problems can be severe or minor. You may experience pain, swelling, numbness, tingling sensation, weakness to your shoulders gradually. Your shoulder’s range of movement may get affected as well. Shoulder injuries mostly happen during sports or accidental falls.
Acute shoulder injury
Shoulder pain usually is cost by injuries.
An acute shoulder injury could be a fall and landed on the shoulder, overstretched the arm, direct impact injury to the shoulder. Acute shoulder injury is a clear source, bruising or swelling develop shortly after the injury.
Acute shoulder injuries include:
- Bicep tendon rupture
- Shoulder contusions
- Shoulder ligament strains or sprains
- Shoulder tendon strains or sprains
- Muscle strains or sprains
- Brachial plexus neuropathy, shoulder injury to the nerve
- Shoulder subluxation or shoulder dislocation
- Rotator cuff tear
- Fracture to the shoulder bones
- Shoulder separation
Overuse shoulder injury
If you experience shoulder pain gradually and not recalling any cause of the pain, most likely it is an overuse shoulder injuries. Overuse shoulder injuries happens when you repeatedly do the same action and stress the shoulder joint.
Overuse shoulder injuries include:
- Inflammation to the shoulder bursa, bursitis
- Inflammation to the shoulder tendon, tendinitis
- Bicipital tendinitis
- Rotator cuff tendinitis
- Muscle strain
- Frozen shoulder
- Shoulder impingement syndrome
Other causes of shoulder pain
The less common causes of shoulder pain includes:
- Osteoarthritis to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint
- Muscle tension
- Calcium buildup in the shoulder tendons
- Herniated disc at the neck
- Referred shoulder pain
- Cartilage damage to the shoulder joints
Treatment for shoulder pain
Treatment for shoulder pain has to depends on the severity and the condition of the shoulder.
Treatment for shoulder pain includes:
- Physiotherapy to strengthen the shoulder muscles
- Anti-inflammatory medicine
- Anti-inflammatory injection
- Shockwave therapy
- Shoulder arthroscopy