1. What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disorder of the skeleton in which bones become fragile and susceptible to fractures. If it’s not prevented or treated, it can progress painlessly until a bone breaks.
2. Who Gets Osteoporosis?
Anybody can get osteoporosis; but women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men because their oestrogen decreases at menopause, which often results in significant bone loss. However, men also get osteoporosis. People with a family history of osteoporosis or fragility fractures are more susceptible to getting osteoporosis.
3. What Causes Osteoporosis?
The most common causes of osteoporosis are inadequate diet, smoking, heavy drinking, insufficient weight-bearing activity and a decrease in oestrogen or testosterone.
4. How is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?
5. What can I do to Prevent Osteoporosis?
- Eat a balanced diet
- Avoid smoking and excessive drinking
6. When Should I Have a Bone Density Test?
If you’re a woman, it can be helpful for you to establish a baseline for your bone density either at the age of 50 or around the time of menopause, whichever comes earlier. Establishing a baseline can help you to determine your rate and amount of loss during menopause. Examining your test results can increase your awareness of osteoporosis and encourage you to take preventive measures against it.
Men aged 50 or older should be tested. And whether you’re a man or a woman, bone density tests are usually advisable if you:
- have had a fracture resulting from minor impact
- have a chronic disease that causes bone loss
- take antiseizure drugs
- take high doses of thyroid medication